- 1835 â€“ James Gordon Bennett, Sr. publishes the first issue of the New York Herald.
- 1840 â€“ The Penny Black postage stamp becomes valid for use in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
- 1844 â€“ The Glaciarium, the world’s first mechanically frozen ice rink, opens.
- 1889 â€“ The Eiffel Tower is officially opened to the public at the Universal Exposition in Paris.
- 1989 â€“ Cedar Point opens Magnum XL-200, the first roller coaster to break the 200 ft height barrier, therefore spawning what is considered to be the “coaster wars”.
How they kept the ice frozen at the ice rink in 1844 is fascinating:
The rink was based on a concrete surface, with layers of earth, cow hair and timber planks. Atop these were laid oval copper pipes carrying a solution of glycerine with ether, nitrogen peroxide and water. The pipes were covered by water and the solution was pumped through, freezing the water into ice. Gamgee had discovered the process while attempting to develop a method to freeze meat for import from Australia and New Zealand, and had patented it as early as 1870.
Photo by allyaubry.