Franchise: Dunkin’ Donuts

Franchising Since: 1955

Headquarters: Canton, Mass.

Number of Units: 12,871 (approx)

About the Dunkin Donuts Franchise

Dunkin’ Donuts has become one of the most recognizable brands in the country. Dunkin’ Donuts originally started as a business that keeps it simple, serving coffee and doughnuts. While Dunkin’ Donuts still does that – and does it very well, many would argue — they’ve also been expanding their product line, attempting to entice their customers to come back for lunch.

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In the past five years, Dunkin’ Donuts has increased its number of U.S. locations by 8,000 to a total of just over 12,000. Dunkin’ Donuts stores can also be found in over 35 countries.

Requirements for Dunkin Donuts Franchisees

Dunkin’ Donuts requires that its franchisees have a net worth of at least a quarter of a million dollars, with $125,000 of liquid capital available. To start a franchise, a franchisee will have to make a minimum investment of just over $200,000. For that investment, a franchisee obviously benefits from Dunkin’ Donuts great brand reputation and recognition.

Financial Assistance

The franchisor facilitates through third-party lenders, financing for qualified franchisees. The amount of financing and period of repayment varies by program, circumstances, and creditworthiness of the applicant.

Term of Agreement and Renewal When Purchasing a Dunkin Donuts Franchise

The length of the franchise term is typically 20 years. If all requirements are complied with, the franchisee may purchase an additional term.

Breakdown of Costs for a Dunkin Donuts Franchise

The following information is compiled from the Franchise Disclosure Document of Dunkin’ Donuts (2019). The FDD will provide you with in-depth information regarding the costs and expenses you can plan to incur when developing a Dunkin’ Donuts franchise.

The Building Costs and Site Development Costs vary due to location, if it is within a convenience store, freestanding versus a shopping center, and/or if it has a Baskin Robbins attached.

Initial Franchise Fee (20-year term): $40,000 to $90,000

Building Costs: $90,000 to $540,000

Building costs include the cost to construct a building. The franchisor estimates that a freestanding building will cost $60 to $260 per square foot (estimating 1,000 to 2,500 square feet).

Site Development Costs: $0 to $200,000

Site development costs include the costs to develop the land and other site improvements, including exterior landscaping, electrical and water hookup, paving, sidewalks, lighting, etc. The low-end of the range is the estimated cost for you to negotiate a build-to-suit lease in which the landlord incurs most development costs, and you make a lease deposit.

Real Estate Costs: Varies

Real estate costs vary considerably according to the type of restaurant, real estate values in your area, your real estate interest (leasehold or ownership), location, size of the site, code requirements and other factors, including labor, as well as whether you, your landlord, or the franchisor develops the restaurant.

Electronic Cash Register/Retail Technology System: $24,700 to $61,000

Opening Inventory: $8,000 to $20,000

Your initial inventory of merchandise and supplies needed for the operation of the restaurant will include raw ingredients and products for resale, containers and other paper, plastic, or similar goods, maintenance and cleaning materials, office supplies, and miscellaneous materials and supplies.

Misc. Opening Costs: $9,500 to $70,000

These costs are related to pre-opening employee training payroll, utility deposits, petty cash, distribution center refundable fee, interior landscaping plants, sound systems, office supplies, licenses and permits, and banking pre-opening costs.

Licenses, Permits, Fees and Deposits: $3,500 to $5,500

Uniforms: $400 to $1,200 

Insurance: $4,500 to $16,000

You must provide commercial general liability coverage with minimum limits in the amount of $2,000,000 per occurrence, employment practices liability coverage with minimum limits in the amount of $1,000,000 per occurrence, all-risk property coverage, plate-glass coverage, and employers’ liability and workers’ compensation insurance, in accordance with the franchisor’s published standards.

Travel and Living Expenses While Training: $2,000 to $35,000

The above-estimated range of costs is for two people to attend the Dunkin’ Donuts initial training program for 6 to 8 weeks (depending on the production platform and the opportunity to support a new restaurant opening), including transportation, board, lodging, sanitation exam, and uniforms.

Marketing Startup Fee: $10,000  

Additional Funds for First 3 Months of Operation: $105,000

ESTIMATED TOTAL (doesn’t include real estate costs): $272,600 to $1,523,050

These figures are estimates in setting up a Dunkin’ Donuts franchise and operating it for three months. It is possible to exceed costs in any of the areas above.

If you want to see more about the Dunkin’ Donuts Franchise application, they have it conveniently listed along with other information to review before purchasing.

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