When Can a Business Be Sued for Personal Injury?

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Businesses that welcome customers into their buildings and offices are at risk of facing legal action from personal injury lawsuits. Whenever a customer is within the premises of a particular business, their well-being is legally under the care of that organization. If anything happens to them, then they can sue for compensation. It is why many businesses are taking up insurance against a potential injury lawsuit.

As the customer, it is their right to be safe when in someone’s business. Their time spent shopping is valuable to the companies. Therefore, it is up to the businesses to create a safe environment.

Businesses are legally responsible for them, and if you fail to meet these obligations, they can take you to court and win. If the customer is injured and they can prove it, they ought to be compensated. We will show you how a business is sued for an injury sustained. A personal injury attorney in Maine, could help you out.

Elements of a Negligence Claim

These are the contents of a personal injury lawsuit for a slip and fall lawsuit against a business when in their property. The customer has to prove the three points to win and get compensation. They include:

  1. Duty of care
  2. Breach of duty of care
  3. The harm caused by the breach

Proving Duty of Care

The courts make the decision. They will issue a reasonable judgment, and therefore not all cases of injuries sustained make it to hear. The court is aware that there is only so much that businesses owners can do to monitor your safety. Companies sued for negligence violate the set legal thresholds for each state. Some of the reasonable standards include:

  • Businesses should have a procedure so repairs are done frequently. Dangers that may cause harm to a customer are removed.
  • Businesses are to clean their floors to prevent customers from tripping.
  • When the floor is being mopped, businesses should put up signs to alert the customers.
  • Businesses are responsible for the outside store floors. They should prevent the accumulation of rainwater at entrances.
  • Businesses are to repair broken pavements and stable the shaky blocks.

In most circumstances, an attorney will bring a safety expert to testify as a witness to prove the claims. Learn more here.


Proving Breach of Duty

According to Law.Cornell, one can sue a business for negligence if they meet all the conditions. An example is of a customer walking, shopping. The customer slips on some spilled liquid from the shelves and falls, injured.

In such a situation, many issues are not correct. Why was the spill not cleaned in time, and does the supermarket not have a cleanup schedule? There is a possibility that an employee saw the fall but forgot to clean after being given another task. The business could have had a cleanup schedule, but the attendant ignored it.

Such mistakes are proof of breach of duty of care. You will prove proper duty of care of how things should have played out with your attorney to point out the violation.


How Harm Caused by the Breach Is Proved

The harm comes in many forms, such as:

  • Suffering in pain
  • Paying medical bills
  • Inability to work
  • A forced change of lifestyle since the incident

Showing that they fell and hurt themselves is not enough. They need more evidence. The attorney must satisfy that the harm they experienced was caused by breach when suing a business for negligence.

An example is when a customer falls while passing near a business. Next to the scene, there is cracked pavement. The customer just tripped and fell. In this situation, there is no compensation. It will not be easy to win a lawsuit. The business may have breached the duty of care by not repairing the broken pavement, but it was not related to the falling and injury.

Most personal injury claims are because of negligence. As per 42 USC 233, the customer will have to prove that the business was obligated to prevent their damage by honoring their duty of care, which they failed to do so to sue a company for negligence.

When customers come to business premises, they shop while feeling safe. However, the standards of provisions will vary with the purpose of the customer’s visit.

Reasons for Suing a Business

The following are circumstances in which you can sue a business for negligence.

  • When a waiter serves you food at a restaurant or by a vendor and it turns out it was contaminated, you can sue. It is sometimes difficult because you cannot tell which food from which kitchen was contaminated. Several other people who ate the same food must have also fallen ill to prove your claim.
  • Businesses are tasked to make their property safe for customers. If someone falls because of crowding, poor lighting, or slippery surface, then they can sue.

What Customers Will Do if They Get Hurt

  1. They have to go to the nearest hospital because they will not see the injury as minor. This documentation will be saved.
  2. They will save the medical records as they come in handy during compensation for the medical fee spent. They will also save the documentation from the doctor, drug receipts, and their insurance company.
  3. When they are at the scene, they will look around and see those that witnessed the incident. They will connect them to the attorney to build the claim.
  4. The court will be very interested to know each and single detail. They will most likely record the event of the proceedings. Note down the pieces in good order that you will remember very well when giving your account of events as well.
  5. The next step is to find out if they have enough to build a case. Go to a legal firm and get legal advice. You do not need a lot of money because the law firms will collect a percentage of the compensation when the case is concluded.
  6. The injury attorney will then file a legal complaint against the business.
  7. They will have to identify any pain that they feel on their body from this point. Also they will write down just how painful it is and if it prevents them from going to school or going to an important family or work event.